Book Image

Python Data Cleaning Cookbook

By : Michael Walker
Book Image

Python Data Cleaning Cookbook

By: Michael Walker

Overview of this book

Getting clean data to reveal insights is essential, as directly jumping into data analysis without proper data cleaning may lead to incorrect results. This book shows you tools and techniques that you can apply to clean and handle data with Python. You'll begin by getting familiar with the shape of data by using practices that can be deployed routinely with most data sources. Then, the book teaches you how to manipulate data to get it into a useful form. You'll also learn how to filter and summarize data to gain insights and better understand what makes sense and what does not, along with discovering how to operate on data to address the issues you've identified. Moving on, you'll perform key tasks, such as handling missing values, validating errors, removing duplicate data, monitoring high volumes of data, and handling outliers and invalid dates. Next, you'll cover recipes on using supervised learning and Naive Bayes analysis to identify unexpected values and classification errors, and generate visualizations for exploratory data analysis (EDA) to visualize unexpected values. Finally, you'll build functions and classes that you can reuse without modification when you have new data. By the end of this Python book, you'll be equipped with all the key skills that you need to clean data and diagnose problems within it.
Table of Contents (12 chapters)

Getting a first look at your data

We will work with two datasets in this chapter: The National Longitudinal Survey of Youth for 1997, a survey conducted by the United States government that surveyed the same group of individuals from 1997 through 2017; and the counts of COVID cases and deaths by country from Our World in Data.

Getting ready…

We will mainly be using the pandas library for this recipe. We will use pandas tools to take a closer look at the National Longitudinal Survey (NLS) and COVID-19 case data.


The NLS of Youth was conducted by the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics. This survey started with a cohort of individuals in 1997 who were born between 1980 and 1985, with annual follow-ups each year through 2017. For this recipe, I pulled 89 variables on grades, employment, income, and attitudes toward government from the hundreds of data items on the survey. Separate files for SPSS, Stata, and SAS can be downloaded from the repository. NLS data...