Book Image

Transformers for Natural Language Processing

By : Denis Rothman
Book Image

Transformers for Natural Language Processing

By: Denis Rothman

Overview of this book

The transformer architecture has proved to be revolutionary in outperforming the classical RNN and CNN models in use today. With an apply-as-you-learn approach, Transformers for Natural Language Processing investigates in vast detail the deep learning for machine translations, speech-to-text, text-to-speech, language modeling, question answering, and many more NLP domains with transformers. The book takes you through NLP with Python and examines various eminent models and datasets within the transformer architecture created by pioneers such as Google, Facebook, Microsoft, OpenAI, and Hugging Face. The book trains you in three stages. The first stage introduces you to transformer architectures, starting with the original transformer, before moving on to RoBERTa, BERT, and DistilBERT models. You will discover training methods for smaller transformers that can outperform GPT-3 in some cases. In the second stage, you will apply transformers for Natural Language Understanding (NLU) and Natural Language Generation (NLG). Finally, the third stage will help you grasp advanced language understanding techniques such as optimizing social network datasets and fake news identification. By the end of this NLP book, you will understand transformers from a cognitive science perspective and be proficient in applying pretrained transformer models by tech giants to various datasets.
Table of Contents (16 chapters)
Other Books You May Enjoy

Next steps

There is no easy way to implement question-answering or shortcuts. We began to implement methods that could generate questions automatically. Automatic question generation is a critical aspect of NLP.

More transformer models need to be pretrained with multi-task datasets containing NER, SRL, and question-answering problems to solve. Project managers also need to learn how to combine several NLP tasks to help solve a specific task, such as question-answering.

Coreference resolution could have been a good contribution to help our model identify the main subjects in the sequence we worked on. This result produced with AllenNLP shows an interesting analysis:

Figure 10.8: Coreference resolution of a sequence

We could continue to develop our program by adding the output of coreference resolution:

Set0={'Los Angeles', 'the city,' 'LA'}
Set1=[Jo and Maria, their, they}

We could add coreference resolution as a pretraining...