Book Image

Transformers for Natural Language Processing

By : Denis Rothman
Book Image

Transformers for Natural Language Processing

By: Denis Rothman

Overview of this book

The transformer architecture has proved to be revolutionary in outperforming the classical RNN and CNN models in use today. With an apply-as-you-learn approach, Transformers for Natural Language Processing investigates in vast detail the deep learning for machine translations, speech-to-text, text-to-speech, language modeling, question answering, and many more NLP domains with transformers. The book takes you through NLP with Python and examines various eminent models and datasets within the transformer architecture created by pioneers such as Google, Facebook, Microsoft, OpenAI, and Hugging Face. The book trains you in three stages. The first stage introduces you to transformer architectures, starting with the original transformer, before moving on to RoBERTa, BERT, and DistilBERT models. You will discover training methods for smaller transformers that can outperform GPT-3 in some cases. In the second stage, you will apply transformers for Natural Language Understanding (NLU) and Natural Language Generation (NLG). Finally, the third stage will help you grasp advanced language understanding techniques such as optimizing social network datasets and fake news identification. By the end of this NLP book, you will understand transformers from a cognitive science perspective and be proficient in applying pretrained transformer models by tech giants to various datasets.
Table of Contents (16 chapters)
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It's time to make a decision

What will a project manager's decision be? We have seen the limits of the original Transformer model, which leads to the crossroads where we have to choose a path to:

  • Accept the limits of the original Transformer model and move on to huge models requiring huge machine memory and computing power.
  • To refuse the limits of the original Transformer and tweak its architecture with reformer-type approaches.
  • Use different training methods such as PET, an efficient knowledge distillation approach.
  • Use a combination of these approaches.
  • Design your own training methods and model architecture.

    There are many transformer model methods continuously appearing on the market. Take the necessary time to find the right path for your project.

In real-life project management, each approach will be carefully evaluated using standard evaluation parameters:

  • The cost of each solution
  • ...