Book Image

AWS Certified Machine Learning Specialty: MLS-C01 Certification Guide

By : Somanath Nanda, Weslley Moura
Book Image

AWS Certified Machine Learning Specialty: MLS-C01 Certification Guide

By: Somanath Nanda, Weslley Moura

Overview of this book

The AWS Certified Machine Learning Specialty exam tests your competency to perform machine learning (ML) on AWS infrastructure. This book covers the entire exam syllabus using practical examples to help you with your real-world machine learning projects on AWS. Starting with an introduction to machine learning on AWS, you'll learn the fundamentals of machine learning and explore important AWS services for artificial intelligence (AI). You'll then see how to prepare data for machine learning and discover a wide variety of techniques for data manipulation and transformation for different types of variables. The book also shows you how to handle missing data and outliers and takes you through various machine learning tasks such as classification, regression, clustering, forecasting, anomaly detection, text mining, and image processing, along with the specific ML algorithms you need to know to pass the exam. Finally, you'll explore model evaluation, optimization, and deployment and get to grips with deploying models in a production environment and monitoring them. By the end of this book, you'll have gained knowledge of the key challenges in machine learning and the solutions that AWS has released for each of them, along with the tools, methods, and techniques commonly used in each domain of AWS ML.
Table of Contents (14 chapters)
Section 1: Introduction to Machine Learning
Section 2: Data Engineering and Exploratory Data Analysis
Section 3: Data Modeling

ML in the cloud

ML has gone to the cloud and developers can now use it as a service. AWS has implemented ML services in different levels of abstraction. ML application services, for example, aim to offer out-of-the-box solutions for specific problem domains. AWS Lex is a very clear example of an ML application as a service, where people can implement chatbots with minimum development.

AWS Rekognition is another example, which aims to identify objects, people, text, scenes, and activities in images and videos. AWS provides many other ML application services that will be covered in the next chapter of this book.

Apart from application services, AWS also provides ML development platforms, which is the case with SageMaker. Unlike out-of-the-box services such as AWS Lex and Rekognition, SageMaker is a development platform that will let you build, train, and deploy your own models with much more flexibility.

SageMaker speeds up the development and deployment process by automatically handling the necessary infrastructure for the training and inference pipelines of your models. Behind the scenes, SageMaker orchestrates other AWS services (such as EC2 instances, load balancers, auto-scaling, and so on) to create a scalable environment for ML projects. SageMaker is probably the most important service that you should master for the AWS Machine Learning Specialty exam, and it will be covered in detail in a separate section. For now, you should focus on understanding the different approaches that AWS uses to offers ML-related services.

The third option that AWS offers for deploying ML models is the most generic and flexible one: you can deploy ML models by combining different AWS services and managing them individually. This is essentially doing what SageMaker does for you, building your applications from scratch. For example, you could use EC2 instances, load balancers, auto-scaling, and an API gateway to create an inference pipeline to a particular model. If you prefer, you can also use AWS serverless architecture to deploy your solution, for example, using AWS Lambda functions.