Book Image

SQL for Data Analytics - Third Edition

By : Jun Shan, Matt Goldwasser, Upom Malik, Benjamin Johnston
Book Image

SQL for Data Analytics - Third Edition

By: Jun Shan, Matt Goldwasser, Upom Malik, Benjamin Johnston

Overview of this book

Every day, businesses operate around the clock, and a huge amount of data is generated at a rapid pace. This book helps you analyze this data and identify key patterns and behaviors that can help you and your business understand your customers at a deep, fundamental level. SQL for Data Analytics, Third Edition is a great way to get started with data analysis, showing how to effectively sort and process information from raw data, even without any prior experience. You will begin by learning how to form hypotheses and generate descriptive statistics that can provide key insights into your existing data. As you progress, you will learn how to write SQL queries to aggregate, calculate, and combine SQL data from sources outside of your current dataset. You will also discover how to work with advanced data types, like JSON. By exploring advanced techniques, such as geospatial analysis and text analysis, you will be able to understand your business at a deeper level. Finally, the book lets you in on the secret to getting information faster and more effectively by using advanced techniques like profiling and automation. By the end of this book, you will be proficient in the efficient application of SQL techniques in everyday business scenarios and looking at data with the critical eye of analytics professional.
Table of Contents (11 chapters)
9. Using SQL to Uncover the Truth: A Case Study

Data Structures: JSON and Arrays

Many versions of modern SQL also support data structures, such as JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) and arrays. Arrays are simply lists of data usually written as members enclosed in square brackets. For example, ['cat', 'dog', 'horse'] is an array. A JSON object is a series of key-value pairs that are separated by commas and enclosed in curly braces. For example, {'name': 'Bob', 'age': 27, 'city': 'New York'} is a valid JSON object. These data structures show up constantly in technology applications, and being able to use them in a database makes it easier to perform many kinds of analysis work.

You will explore data structures in more detail in Chapter 7, Analytics Using Complex Data Types. Before that, you will learn about some basic operations in an RDBMS using SQL.