Statistics with Window Functions
Now that you understand how window functions work, you can start using them to calculate useful statistics, such as ranks, percentiles, and rolling statistics.
In the following table, you have summarized a variety of statistical functions that are useful. It is also important to emphasize again that all aggregate functions can also be used as window functions (
COUNT, and so on):
Normally, a call to any of these functions inside a SQL statement would be followed by the
OVER keyword. This keyword will then be followed by more keywords like
PARTITION BY and
ORDER BY, either of which may be optional, depending on which function you are using.
For example, the
ROW_NUMBER() function will look like this:
ROW_NUMBER() OVER( PARTITION BY column_1, column_2 ORDER BY column_3, column_4 )
You will practice how to use these statistical functions in the...