Book Image

Learning OpenCV 5 Computer Vision with Python, Fourth Edition - Fourth Edition

By : Joseph Howse, Joe Minichino
5 (2)
Book Image

Learning OpenCV 5 Computer Vision with Python, Fourth Edition - Fourth Edition

5 (2)
By: Joseph Howse, Joe Minichino

Overview of this book

Computer vision is a rapidly evolving science in the field of artificial intelligence, encompassing diverse use cases and techniques. This book will not only help those who are getting started with computer vision but also experts in the domain. You'll be able to put theory into practice by building apps with OpenCV 5 and Python 3. You'll start by setting up OpenCV 5 with Python 3 on various platforms. Next, you'll learn how to perform basic operations such as reading, writing, manipulating, and displaying images, videos, and camera feeds. From taking you through image processing, video analysis, depth estimation, and segmentation, to helping you gain practice by building a GUI app, this book ensures you'll have opportunities for hands-on activities. You'll tackle two popular challenges: face detection and face recognition. You'll also learn about object classification and machine learning, which will enable you to create and use object detectors and even track moving objects in real time. Later, you'll develop your skills in augmented reality and real-world 3D navigation. Finally, you'll cover ANNs and DNNs, learning how to develop apps for recognizing handwritten digits and classifying a person's gender and age, and you'll deploy your solutions to the Cloud. By the end of this book, you'll have the skills you need to execute real-world computer vision projects.
Table of Contents (12 chapters)
Free Chapter
1
Learning OpenCV 5 Computer Vision with Python, Fourth Edition: Tackle tools, techniques, and algorithms for computer vision and machine learning
Appendix A: Bending Color Space with the Curves Filter

Understanding SVMs

Without going into details of how an SVM works, let's just try to grasp what it can help us accomplish in the context of machine learning and computer vision. Given labeled training data, an SVM learns to classify the same kind of data by finding an optimal hyperplane, which, in plain English, is the plane that divides differently labeled data by the largest possible margin. To aid our understanding, let's consider the following diagram, which is provided by Zach Weinberg under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License:

Figure 7.4: Clusters and hyperplanes. An SVM would identify H3 as the optimal hyperplane.

Hyperplane H1 (shown as a green line) does not divide the two classes (the black dots versus the white dots). Hyperplanes H2 (shown as a blue line) and H3 (shown as a red line) both divide the classes; however, only hyperplane H3 divides the classes by a maximal margin.

Let's suppose we are training an SVM as a people detector...