Relevant research fields
Parallel to AI, another field has continuously gained traction over the past decades. ML is how a computer system develops its intelligence, used by AI to carry out its tasks. Their relation is shown in Figure 1.1:
Figure 1.1 – How AI, ML, DL, and NLP are related
ML is a subset of AI and its intelligence is encompassed by a model trained over several iterations on a large amount of data. With minimal human intervention, the ML algorithm tries to identify patterns from past experiences and develop an efficient model to make predictions. As the ML algorithm is exposed to more data over time, its performance improves.
The term machine learning was coined in 1959 by Arthur Samuel as the field of study that allows computers to learn without being explicitly programmed.