Book Image

Machine Learning Techniques for Text

By : Nikos Tsourakis
Book Image

Machine Learning Techniques for Text

By: Nikos Tsourakis

Overview of this book

With the ever-increasing demand for machine learning and programming professionals, it's prime time to invest in the field. This book will help you in this endeavor, focusing specifically on text data and human language by steering a middle path among the various textbooks that present complicated theoretical concepts or focus disproportionately on Python code. A good metaphor this work builds upon is the relationship between an experienced craftsperson and their trainee. Based on the current problem, the former picks a tool from the toolbox, explains its utility, and puts it into action. This approach will help you to identify at least one practical use for each method or technique presented. The content unfolds in ten chapters, each discussing one specific case study. For this reason, the book is solution-oriented. It's accompanied by Python code in the form of Jupyter notebooks to help you obtain hands-on experience. A recurring pattern in the chapters of this book is helping you get some intuition on the data and then implement and contrast various solutions. By the end of this book, you'll be able to understand and apply various techniques with Python for text preprocessing, text representation, dimensionality reduction, machine learning, language modeling, visualization, and evaluation.
Table of Contents (13 chapters)

Preprocessing the data

The first task is to read the file with the meta-information about the corpus. The metadata.csv file includes one column with the audio filename and one with its transcription, separated by the | symbol. The relevant code is included in the text-clustering.ipynb notebook:

import pandas as pd
# Read the data from the reduced csv file.
data = pd.read_csv('./data/metadata.csv', usecols=range(2), names=['audiofile', 'transcription'], sep="|")
>>  audiofile  transcription
0  LJ001-0001  Printing, in the only sense with which ...
1  LJ001-0002  in being comparatively modern.
2  LJ001-0003  For although the Chinese took impressio...
3  LJ001-0004  produced the block books, which were th...
4  LJ001-0005  the invention of movable metal letters ...

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