How much disk space does a database use?
It is very important to allocate sufficient disk space for your database. If the disk gets full, it will not corrupt the data, but it might lead to database server panic and then consequent shutdown.
How to do it...
We can do this in the following ways:
- Look at the size of the files that make up the database server.
- Run a SQL request to confirm the database size.
If you look at the size of the actual files, you'll need to make sure that you include the data directory and all subdirectories, as well as all other directories that contain tablespaces. This can be tricky, and it is also difficult to break out all the different pieces.
The easiest way is to ask the database a simple query, like this:
However, this is limited to just the current database. If you want to know the size of all the databases together, then you'll need a query such as the following:
SELECT sum(pg_database_size(datname)) from pg_database;
How it works...
The database server knows which tables it has loaded. It also knows how to calculate the size of each table, so the
pg_database_size() function just looks at the file sizes.