Book Image

SQL Query Design Patterns and Best Practices

By : Steve Hughes, Dennis Neer, Dr. Ram Babu Singh, Shabbir H. Mala, Leslie Andrews, Chi Zhang
5 (1)
Book Image

SQL Query Design Patterns and Best Practices

5 (1)
By: Steve Hughes, Dennis Neer, Dr. Ram Babu Singh, Shabbir H. Mala, Leslie Andrews, Chi Zhang

Overview of this book

SQL has been the de facto standard when interacting with databases for decades and shows no signs of going away. Through the years, report developers or data wranglers have had to learn SQL on the fly to meet the business needs, so if you are someone who needs to write queries, SQL Query Design and Pattern Best Practices is for you. This book will guide you through making efficient SQL queries by reducing set sizes for effective results. You’ll learn how to format your results to make them easier to consume at their destination. From there, the book will take you through solving complex business problems using more advanced techniques, such as common table expressions and window functions, and advance to uncovering issues resulting from security in the underlying dataset. Armed with this knowledge, you’ll have a foundation for building queries and be ready to shift focus to using tools, such as query plans and indexes, to optimize those queries. The book will go over the modern data estate, which includes data lakes and JSON data, and wrap up with a brief on how to use Jupyter notebooks in your SQL journey. By the end of this SQL book, you’ll be able to make efficient SQL queries that will improve your report writing and the overall SQL experience.
Table of Contents (21 chapters)
Part 1: Refining Your Queries to Get the Results You Need
Part 2: Solving Complex Business and Data Problems in Your Queries
Part 3: Optimizing Your Queries to Improve Performance
Part 4: Working with Your Data on the Modern Data Platform

Introducing JSON functionality built into SQL Server

JSON functions were first released in SQL Server 2016. This is not the first NoSQL data supported inside of the SQL Server engine. Before this, XML was supported in SQL Server with similar functions but with one key difference. Unlike XML, which is supported as a native data type inside of SQL Server, JSON is only supported with functions that work with JSON data but not a data type. Before we discuss the functions available in SQL Server, let’s briefly review JSON formatting.

The basics of JSON

JSON is a flexible data storage solution. As noted in the introduction to this chapter, it is often used to support mobile and web applications. One key aspect of JSON is that it does not support a schema and is prone to schema drift through development life cycles. This means that the data within it and the construction or organization of that data can change over time. Another key aspect to understand about JSON is that it...