Book Image

Data Science with Python

By : Rohan Chopra, Aaron England, Mohamed Noordeen Alaudeen
Book Image

Data Science with Python

By: Rohan Chopra, Aaron England, Mohamed Noordeen Alaudeen

Overview of this book

Data Science with Python begins by introducing you to data science and teaches you to install the packages you need to create a data science coding environment. You will learn three major techniques in machine learning: unsupervised learning, supervised learning, and reinforcement learning. You will also explore basic classification and regression techniques, such as support vector machines, decision trees, and logistic regression. As you make your way through the book, you will understand the basic functions, data structures, and syntax of the Python language that are used to handle large datasets with ease. You will learn about NumPy and pandas libraries for matrix calculations and data manipulation, discover how to use Matplotlib to create highly customizable visualizations, and apply the boosting algorithm XGBoost to make predictions. In the concluding chapters, you will explore convolutional neural networks (CNNs), deep learning algorithms used to predict what is in an image. You will also understand how to feed human sentences to a neural network, make the model process contextual information, and create human language processing systems to predict the outcome. By the end of this book, you will be able to understand and implement any new data science algorithm and have the confidence to experiment with tools or libraries other than those covered in the book.
Table of Contents (10 chapters)

Convolutional Neural Networks

Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) is the name given to a neural network that has convolutional layers. These convolutional layers handle the high dimensionality of raw images efficiently with the help of convolutional filters. CNNs allow us to recognize highly complex patterns in images, which would be impossible with a simple neural network. CNNs can also be used for natural language processing.

The first few layers of a CNN are convolutional, where the network applies different filters to the image to find useful patterns in the image; then there's the pooling layers, which help down-sample the output of the convolutional layers. The activation layer controls which signal flows from one layer to the next, emulating the neurons in our brain. The last few layers in the network are dense layers; these are the same layers we used for the previous exercise.

Convolutional Layer

The convolutional layer consists of multiple filters that learn to activate when they...