Book Image

The Data Science Workshop

By : Anthony So, Thomas V. Joseph, Robert Thas John, Andrew Worsley, Dr. Samuel Asare
Book Image

The Data Science Workshop

By: Anthony So, Thomas V. Joseph, Robert Thas John, Andrew Worsley, Dr. Samuel Asare

Overview of this book

You already know you want to learn data science, and a smarter way to learn data science is to learn by doing. The Data Science Workshop focuses on building up your practical skills so that you can understand how to develop simple machine learning models in Python or even build an advanced model for detecting potential bank frauds with effective modern data science. You'll learn from real examples that lead to real results. Throughout The Data Science Workshop, you'll take an engaging step-by-step approach to understanding data science. You won't have to sit through any unnecessary theory. If you're short on time you can jump into a single exercise each day or spend an entire weekend training a model using sci-kit learn. It's your choice. Learning on your terms, you'll build up and reinforce key skills in a way that feels rewarding. Every physical print copy of The Data Science Workshop unlocks access to the interactive edition. With videos detailing all exercises and activities, you'll always have a guided solution. You can also benchmark yourself against assessments, track progress, and receive content updates. You'll even earn a secure credential that you can share and verify online upon completion. It's a premium learning experience that's included with your printed copy. To redeem, follow the instructions located at the start of your data science book. Fast-paced and direct, The Data Science Workshop is the ideal companion for data science beginners. You'll learn about machine learning algorithms like a data scientist, learning along the way. This process means that you'll find that your new skills stick, embedded as best practice. A solid foundation for the years ahead.
Table of Contents (18 chapters)

Evaluating the Model's Performance

Now that we know how to train a Random Forest classifier, it is time to check whether we did a good job or not. What we want is to get a model that makes extremely accurate predictions, so we need to assess its performance using some kind of metric.

For a classification problem, multiple metrics can be used to assess the model's predictive power, such as F1 score, precision, recall, or ROC AUC. Each of them has its own specificity and depending on the projects and datasets, you may use one or another.

In this chapter, we will use a metric called accuracy score. It calculates the ratio between the number of correct predictions and the total number of predictions made by the model:

Figure 4.5: Formula for accuracy score

For instance, if your model made 950 correct predictions out of 1,000 cases, then the accuracy score would be 950/1000 = 0.95. This would mean that your model was 95% accurate on that dataset...