Book Image

Learn PostgreSQL

By : Luca Ferrari, Enrico Pirozzi
Book Image

Learn PostgreSQL

By: Luca Ferrari, Enrico Pirozzi

Overview of this book

PostgreSQL is one of the fastest-growing open source object-relational database management systems (DBMS) in the world. As well as being easy to use, it’s scalable and highly efficient. In this book, you’ll explore PostgreSQL 12 and 13 and learn how to build database solutions using it. Complete with hands-on tutorials, this guide will teach you how to achieve the right database design required for a reliable environment. You'll learn how to install and configure a PostgreSQL server and even manage users and connections. The book then progresses to key concepts of relational databases, before taking you through the Data Definition Language (DDL) and commonly used DDL commands. To build on your skills, you’ll understand how to interact with the live cluster, create database objects, and use tools to connect to the live cluster. You’ll then get to grips with creating tables, building indexes, and designing your database schema. Later, you'll explore the Data Manipulation Language (DML) and server-side programming capabilities of PostgreSQL using PL/pgSQL, before learning how to monitor, test, and troubleshoot your database application to ensure high-performance and reliability. By the end of this book, you'll be well-versed with the Postgres database and be able to set up your own PostgreSQL instance and use it to build robust solutions.
Table of Contents (27 chapters)
Section 1: Getting Started
Section 2: Interacting with the Database
Section 3: Administering the Cluster
Section 4: Replication
Section 5: The PostegreSQL Ecosystem

Row-level security

In the previous part of the chapter, you have seen the permission mechanism by which PostgreSQL allows roles (both users and groups) to access different objects within the database and data contained in the objects. In particular, with regard to tables, you have learned how to restrict access to just a specific column list within the tabular data.

PostgreSQL provides another interesting mechanism to restrict access to tabular data: row-level security. The idea is that row-level security can decide which tuples the role can gain access to, either in read or write mode. Therefore, if the column-based permissions provides a way of limiting the vertical shape of the tabular data, the RLS provides a way to restrict the horizontal shape of the data itself.

When is it appropriate to use RLS? Imagine you have a table that contains data related to users, and you don't want your users to be able to tamper with other users' data. In such a case, restricting the access...