Book Image

Learn PostgreSQL

By : Luca Ferrari, Enrico Pirozzi
Book Image

Learn PostgreSQL

By: Luca Ferrari, Enrico Pirozzi

Overview of this book

PostgreSQL is one of the fastest-growing open source object-relational database management systems (DBMS) in the world. As well as being easy to use, it’s scalable and highly efficient. In this book, you’ll explore PostgreSQL 12 and 13 and learn how to build database solutions using it. Complete with hands-on tutorials, this guide will teach you how to achieve the right database design required for a reliable environment. You'll learn how to install and configure a PostgreSQL server and even manage users and connections. The book then progresses to key concepts of relational databases, before taking you through the Data Definition Language (DDL) and commonly used DDL commands. To build on your skills, you’ll understand how to interact with the live cluster, create database objects, and use tools to connect to the live cluster. You’ll then get to grips with creating tables, building indexes, and designing your database schema. Later, you'll explore the Data Manipulation Language (DML) and server-side programming capabilities of PostgreSQL using PL/pgSQL, before learning how to monitor, test, and troubleshoot your database application to ensure high-performance and reliability. By the end of this book, you'll be well-versed with the Postgres database and be able to set up your own PostgreSQL instance and use it to build robust solutions.
Table of Contents (27 chapters)
Section 1: Getting Started
Section 2: Interacting with the Database
Section 3: Administering the Cluster
Section 4: Replication
Section 5: The PostegreSQL Ecosystem


Auto-explain is an extension that helps the database administrator get an idea of slow queries and their execution plan. Essentially, auto-explain triggers when a running query is slower than a specified threshold, and then dumps in the PostgreSQL logs (refer to Chapter 14, Logging and Auditing) the execution plan of the query.

In this way, the database administrator can get an insight into slow queries and their execution plan without having to re-execute these queries. Thanks to this, the database administrator can inspect the execution plans and decide if and where to apply indexes or perform a deeper analysis.

The auto-explain module is configured via a set of auto_explain parameter options that can be inserted in the PostgreSQL configuration (the postgresql.conf file), but you need to remember that in order to activate the module, you need to restart the cluster.

The auto-explain module can do pretty much the same things that a manual EXPLAIN command can do, including...