Book Image

Learn PostgreSQL

By : Luca Ferrari, Enrico Pirozzi
Book Image

Learn PostgreSQL

By: Luca Ferrari, Enrico Pirozzi

Overview of this book

PostgreSQL is one of the fastest-growing open source object-relational database management systems (DBMS) in the world. As well as being easy to use, it’s scalable and highly efficient. In this book, you’ll explore PostgreSQL 12 and 13 and learn how to build database solutions using it. Complete with hands-on tutorials, this guide will teach you how to achieve the right database design required for a reliable environment. You'll learn how to install and configure a PostgreSQL server and even manage users and connections. The book then progresses to key concepts of relational databases, before taking you through the Data Definition Language (DDL) and commonly used DDL commands. To build on your skills, you’ll understand how to interact with the live cluster, create database objects, and use tools to connect to the live cluster. You’ll then get to grips with creating tables, building indexes, and designing your database schema. Later, you'll explore the Data Manipulation Language (DML) and server-side programming capabilities of PostgreSQL using PL/pgSQL, before learning how to monitor, test, and troubleshoot your database application to ensure high-performance and reliability. By the end of this book, you'll be well-versed with the Postgres database and be able to set up your own PostgreSQL instance and use it to build robust solutions.
Table of Contents (27 chapters)
Section 1: Getting Started
Section 2: Interacting with the Database
Section 3: Administering the Cluster
Section 4: Replication
Section 5: The PostegreSQL Ecosystem

Connecting to the cluster

Once PostgreSQL is running, it awaits incoming database connections to serve; as soon as a connection comes in, PostgreSQL serves it by connecting the client to the right database. This means that in order to interact with the cluster, you need to connect to it. However, you don't connect to the whole cluster; rather, you ask PostgreSQL to interact with one of the databases the cluster is serving. Therefore, when you connect to the cluster, you need to connect to a specific database. This also means that the cluster must have at least one database from the very beginning of its life. That is the role of the so-called template databases, which, among other duties, serve as a common database to which you can connect on a freshly installed cluster.

When you initialize the cluster with the initdb command, PostgreSQL builds the filesystem layout of the PGDATA directory and builds two template databases, named template0 and template1. The aim of these databases...