Book Image

Artificial Intelligence with Python - Second Edition

By : Prateek Joshi
Book Image

Artificial Intelligence with Python - Second Edition

By: Prateek Joshi

Overview of this book

Artificial Intelligence with Python, Second Edition is an updated and expanded version of the bestselling guide to artificial intelligence using the latest version of Python 3.x. Not only does it provide you an introduction to artificial intelligence, this new edition goes further by giving you the tools you need to explore the amazing world of intelligent apps and create your own applications. This edition also includes seven new chapters on more advanced concepts of Artificial Intelligence, including fundamental use cases of AI; machine learning data pipelines; feature selection and feature engineering; AI on the cloud; the basics of chatbots; RNNs and DL models; and AI and Big Data. Finally, this new edition explores various real-world scenarios and teaches you how to apply relevant AI algorithms to a wide swath of problems, starting with the most basic AI concepts and progressively building from there to solve more difficult challenges so that by the end, you will have gained a solid understanding of, and when best to use, these many artificial intelligence techniques.
Table of Contents (26 chapters)
24
Other Books You May Enjoy
25
Index

Extracting speech features

We learned how to convert a time domain signal into the frequency domain. Frequency domain features are used extensively in all speech recognition systems. The concept we discussed earlier is an introduction to the idea, but real-world frequency domain features are a bit more complex. Once we convert a signal into the frequency domain, we need to ensure that it's usable in the form of a feature vector. This is where the concept of Mel Frequency Cepstral Coefficients (MFCCs) becomes relevant. MFCC is a tool that's used to extract frequency domain features from a given audio signal.

In order to extract the frequency features from an audio signal, MFCC first extracts the power spectrum. It then uses filter banks and a Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) to extract the features. If you are interested in exploring MFCCs further, check out this link:

http://practicalcryptography.com/miscellaneous/machine-learning/guide-mel-frequency-cepstral...