Book Image

Mastering Oracle Scheduler in Oracle 11g Databases

By : Ronald Rood
Book Image

Mastering Oracle Scheduler in Oracle 11g Databases

By: Ronald Rood

Overview of this book

Scheduler (DBMS_SCHEDULER) is included in Oracle Database and is a tool for the automation, management, and control of jobs. It enables users to schedule jobs running inside the database such as PL/SQL procedures or PL/SQL blocks, as well as jobs running outside the database like shell scripts. Scheduler ensures that jobs are run on time, automates business processes, and optimizes the use of available resources. You just need to specify a fixed date and time and Scheduler will do the rest. What if you don't know the precise time to execute your job? Nothing to worry about, you can specify an event upon which you want your job to be done and Scheduler will execute your job at the appropriate time. Although scheduling sounds quite easy, it requires programming skills and knowledge to set up such a powerful, intelligent scheduler for your project. This book is your practical guide to DBMS_SCHEDULER for setting up platform-independent schedules that automate the execution of time-based or event-based job processes. It will show you how to automate business processes, and help you manage and monitor those jobs efficiently and effectively. It explains how Scheduler can be used to achieve the tasks you need to make happen in the real world. With a little understanding of how the Scheduler can be used and what kind of control it gives, you will be able to recognize the real power that many known enterprise-class schedulers ñ with serious price tags ñ cannot compete with. You will see how running a specific program can be made dependent on the successful running of certain other programs, and how to separate various tasks using the built-in security mechanisms. You will learn to manage resources to balance the load on your system, and gain increased database performance.
Table of Contents (15 chapters)
Mastering Oracle Scheduler in Oracle 11g Databases
About the Author
About the Reviewers

Hands-on with chains

Let's get our hands dirty and play with chains for a while. The functionality of the programs we use in the chains is not important. What is important is that we can see what happens and why. We will use three programs that perform their own very important task: the first program for shutting down the database, the second program for copying the files, and the third program for starting the database after backing up.

All the three programs call dbms_lock.sleep to enable us to study job logging and see how the chains we have created are run. This is enough for us to simulate the backup scenario we have seen before. In other words, for this example, dbms_lock.sleep is used as a placeholder for the important tasks that the job may eventually run.


Programs are the building blocks of the chain (as well as a job, as mentioned in the previous chapter). We should start by creating programs that perform functions. For this part, we can work with the SHUTDOWN, COPYFILES...