Book Image

Mastering Oracle Scheduler in Oracle 11g Databases

By : Ronald Rood
Book Image

Mastering Oracle Scheduler in Oracle 11g Databases

By: Ronald Rood

Overview of this book

Scheduler (DBMS_SCHEDULER) is included in Oracle Database and is a tool for the automation, management, and control of jobs. It enables users to schedule jobs running inside the database such as PL/SQL procedures or PL/SQL blocks, as well as jobs running outside the database like shell scripts. Scheduler ensures that jobs are run on time, automates business processes, and optimizes the use of available resources. You just need to specify a fixed date and time and Scheduler will do the rest. What if you don't know the precise time to execute your job? Nothing to worry about, you can specify an event upon which you want your job to be done and Scheduler will execute your job at the appropriate time. Although scheduling sounds quite easy, it requires programming skills and knowledge to set up such a powerful, intelligent scheduler for your project. This book is your practical guide to DBMS_SCHEDULER for setting up platform-independent schedules that automate the execution of time-based or event-based job processes. It will show you how to automate business processes, and help you manage and monitor those jobs efficiently and effectively. It explains how Scheduler can be used to achieve the tasks you need to make happen in the real world. With a little understanding of how the Scheduler can be used and what kind of control it gives, you will be able to recognize the real power that many known enterprise-class schedulers ñ with serious price tags ñ cannot compete with. You will see how running a specific program can be made dependent on the successful running of certain other programs, and how to separate various tasks using the built-in security mechanisms. You will learn to manage resources to balance the load on your system, and gain increased database performance.
Table of Contents (15 chapters)
Mastering Oracle Scheduler in Oracle 11g Databases
About the Author
About the Reviewers


Anything that runs on our database server can cause havoc to our databases. No matter what happens, we want to be sure that our databases cannot be harmed. As we have no control over the contents of scripts that can be called from the database, it seems logical not to have these scripts run by the same operating system user who also owns the Oracle database files and processes. This is why, by default, Oracle chose the user nobody as the default user to run the classical local external jobs. This can be adjusted by editing the contents of $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/externaljob.ora.

On systems where more databases are using the same $ORACLE_HOME directory, this automatically means that all the databases run their external jobs using the same operating system account. This is not very flexible. Luckily for us, Oracle has changed this in the 11g release where remote external jobs are introduced. In this release, Oracle decoupled the job runner process and the database processes. The job...