#### Overview of this book

Today's world of science and technology is all about speed and flexibility. When it comes to scientific computing, NumPy is on the top of the list. NumPy will give you both speed and high productivity. "NumPy Cookbook" will teach you all about NumPy, a leading scientific computing library. NumPy replaces a lot of the functionality of Matlab and Mathematica, but in contrast to those products, it is free and open source. "Numpy Cookbook" will teach you to write readable, efficient, and fast code that is as close to the language of Mathematics as much as possible with the cutting edge open source NumPy software library. You will learn about installing and using NumPy and related concepts. At the end of the book, we will explore related scientific computing projects. This book will give you a solid foundation in NumPy arrays and universal functions. You will also learn about plotting with Matplotlib and the related SciPy project through examples. "NumPy Cookbook" will help you to be productive with NumPy and write clean and fast code.
NumPy Cookbook
Credits
www.PacktPub.com
Preface
Free Chapter
Winding Along with IPython
Get to Grips with Commonly Used Functions
Connecting NumPy with the Rest of the World
Audio and Image Processing
Special Arrays and Universal Functions
Profiling and Debugging
Quality Assurance
Speed Up Code with Cython
Index

## Finding Pythagorean triples

For this tutorial you may need to read the Wikipedia page about Pythagorean triple (for more information on Pythagorean triple visit http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pythagorean_triple). Pythagorean triples are closely related to the Pythagorean Theorem, which you probably have learned about in high school geometry.

Pythagorean triples represent the three sides of a right triangle, and therefore, obey the Pythagorean Theorem. Let's find the Pythagorean triple that has a components sum of 1000. We will do this using Euclid's formula:

In this example we will see some universal functions in action.

### How to do it...

The Euclid's formula defines indices `m` and `n`.

1. Create `m` and `n` arrays.

We will create arrays to hold these indices:

```m = numpy.arange(33)
n = numpy.arange(33)```
2. Calculate a, b, and c of the Pythagorean triple.

The second step is to calculate `a`, `b`, and `c` of the Pythagorean triple using Euclid's formula. Use the `outer` function to get the Cartesian products, difference, and...