#### Overview of this book

Today's world of science and technology is all about speed and flexibility. When it comes to scientific computing, NumPy is on the top of the list. NumPy will give you both speed and high productivity. "NumPy Cookbook" will teach you all about NumPy, a leading scientific computing library. NumPy replaces a lot of the functionality of Matlab and Mathematica, but in contrast to those products, it is free and open source. "Numpy Cookbook" will teach you to write readable, efficient, and fast code that is as close to the language of Mathematics as much as possible with the cutting edge open source NumPy software library. You will learn about installing and using NumPy and related concepts. At the end of the book, we will explore related scientific computing projects. This book will give you a solid foundation in NumPy arrays and universal functions. You will also learn about plotting with Matplotlib and the related SciPy project through examples. "NumPy Cookbook" will help you to be productive with NumPy and write clean and fast code.
NumPy Cookbook
Credits
www.PacktPub.com
Preface
Free Chapter
Winding Along with IPython
Get to Grips with Commonly Used Functions
Connecting NumPy with the Rest of the World
Audio and Image Processing
Special Arrays and Universal Functions
Profiling and Debugging
Quality Assurance
Speed Up Code with Cython
Index

## Using Cython with NumPy

We can integrate Cython and NumPy code in the same way that we can integrate Cython and Python code. Let's go through an example that analyzes the ratio of up days (days on which a stock closes higher than the previous day) for a stock. We will apply the formula for binomial proportion confidence. You can refer to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binomial_proportion_confidence_interval for more information. This indicates how significant the ratio is.

### How to do it...

This section describes how we can use Cython with NumPy. To demonstrate this, perform the following steps:

1. Write the `.pyx` file.

Let's write a `.pyx` file that contains a function to calculate the ratio of up days and associated confidence. First, this function computes the differences of the prices. Then, we count the number of positive differences, giving us a ratio for the proportion of up days. Finally, we apply the formula for the confidence from the Wikipedia page in the introduction.

```import numpy

def pos_confidence...```