Book Image

OpenGL 4 Shading Language Cookbook - Second Edition

By : David Wolff
Book Image

OpenGL 4 Shading Language Cookbook - Second Edition

By: David Wolff

Overview of this book

OpenGL Shading Language (GLSL) is a programming language used for customizing parts of the OpenGL graphics pipeline that were formerly fixed-function, and are executed directly on the GPU. It provides programmers with unprecedented flexibility for implementing effects and optimizations utilizing the power of modern GPUs. With Version 4, the language has been further refined to provide programmers with greater power and flexibility, with new stages such as tessellation and compute. OpenGL 4 Shading Language Cookbook provides easy-to-follow examples that first walk you through the theory and background behind each technique, and then go on to provide and explain the GLSL and OpenGL code needed to implement it. Beginner level through to advanced techniques are presented including topics such as texturing, screen-space techniques, lighting, shading, tessellation shaders, geometry shaders, compute shaders, and shadows. OpenGL Shading Language 4 Cookbook is a practical guide that takes you from the fundamentals of programming with modern GLSL and OpenGL, through to advanced techniques. The recipes build upon each other and take you quickly from novice to advanced level code. You'll see essential lighting and shading techniques; examples that demonstrate how to make use of textures for a wide variety of effects and as part of other techniques; examples of screen-space techniques including HDR rendering, bloom, and blur; shadowing techniques; tessellation, geometry, and compute shaders; how to use noise effectively; and animation with particle systems. OpenGL Shading Language 4 Cookbook provides examples of modern shading techniques that can be used as a starting point for programmers to expand upon to produce modern, interactive, 3D computer graphics applications.
Table of Contents (17 chapters)
OpenGL 4 Shading Language Cookbook Second Edition
About the Author
About the Reviewers

Implementing HDR lighting with tone mapping

When rendering for most output devices (monitors or televisions), the device only supports a typical color precision of 8 bits per color component, or 24 bits per pixel. Therefore, for a given color component, we're limited to a range of intensities between 0 and 255. Internally, OpenGL uses floating-point values for color intensities, providing a wide range of both values and precision. These are eventually converted to 8 bit values by mapping the floating-point range [0.0, 1.0] to the range of an unsigned byte [0, 255] before rendering.

Real scenes, however, have a much wider range of luminance. For example, light sources that are visible in a scene, or direct reflections of them, can be hundreds to thousands of times brighter than the objects that are illuminated by the source. When we're working with 8 bits per channel, or the floating-point range [0.0, -1.0], we can't represent this range of intensities. If we decide to use a larger range of...