Book Image

Game Physics Cookbook

By : Gabor Szauer
Book Image

Game Physics Cookbook

By: Gabor Szauer

Overview of this book

Physics is really important for game programmers who want to add realism and functionality to their games. Collision detection in particular is a problem that affects all game developers, regardless of the platform, engine, or toolkit they use. This book will teach you the concepts and formulas behind collision detection. You will also be taught how to build a simple physics engine, where Rigid Body physics is the main focus, and learn about intersection algorithms for primitive shapes. You’ll begin by building a strong foundation in mathematics that will be used throughout the book. We’ll guide you through implementing 2D and 3D primitives and show you how to perform effective collision tests for them. We then pivot to one of the harder areas of game development—collision detection and resolution. Further on, you will learn what a Physics engine is, how to set up a game window, and how to implement rendering. We’ll explore advanced physics topics such as constraint solving. You’ll also find out how to implement a rudimentary physics engine, which you can use to build an Angry Birds type of game or a more advanced game. By the end of the book, you will have implemented all primitive and some advanced collision tests, and you will be able to read on geometry and linear Algebra formulas to take forward to your own games!
Table of Contents (27 chapters)
Game Physics Cookbook
Credits
About the Author
Acknowledgements
About the Reviewer
Acknowledgements
www.PacktPub.com
Customer Feedback
Preface
Index

Point and Oriented Bounding Box


To test if a point is inside an Oriented Bounding Box (OBB), we could transform the point into the local space of the OBB, and then perform an AABB containment test. However, transforming the point into the local space of the OBB is needlessly expensive.

A more efficient solution is to project the point onto each axis of the OBB, then compare the projected point to the length of the OBB on each axis. To get the closest point to a test point on the surface of the OBB, we perform the same projection. Once the point is projected, we clamp it to the length of the OBB on each axis:

This diagram demonstrates a test point being projected and clamped to the Y axis of the OBB.

The test point must also be projected and clamped to the X and Z axes as well.

Getting ready

We are going to implement two functions. The first function will test if a point is contained within an Oriented Bounding Box. The second function will find the closest point to a given test point on the surface...