Book Image

OpenGL 4 Shading Language Cookbook - Third Edition

By : David Wolff
Book Image

OpenGL 4 Shading Language Cookbook - Third Edition

By: David Wolff

Overview of this book

OpenGL 4 Shading Language Cookbook, Third Edition provides easy-to-follow recipes that first walk you through the theory and background behind each technique, and then proceed to showcase and explain the GLSL and OpenGL code needed to implement them. The book begins by familiarizing you with beginner-level topics such as compiling and linking shader programs, saving and loading shader binaries (including SPIR-V), and using an OpenGL function loader library. We then proceed to cover basic lighting and shading effects. After that, you'll learn to use textures, produce shadows, and use geometry and tessellation shaders. Topics such as particle systems, screen-space ambient occlusion, deferred rendering, depth-based tessellation, and physically based rendering will help you tackle advanced topics. OpenGL 4 Shading Language Cookbook, Third Edition also covers advanced topics such as shadow techniques (including the two of the most common techniques: shadow maps and shadow volumes). You will learn how to use noise in shaders and how to use compute shaders. The book provides examples of modern shading techniques that can be used as a starting point for programmers to expand upon to produce modern, interactive, 3D computer-graphics applications.
Table of Contents (17 chapters)
Title Page
Packt Upsell

Shading with multiple positional lights

When shading with multiple light sources, we need to evaluate the reflection model for each light, and sum the results to determine the total light intensity reflected by a surface location. The natural choice is to create uniform arrays to store the position and intensity of each light. We'll use an array of structures so that we can store the values for multiple lights within a single uniform variable.

The following image shows a "pig" mesh rendered with five light sources of different colors. Note the multiple specular highlights:

Getting ready

Set up your OpenGL program with the vertex position in attribute location zero, and the normal in location one.

How to do it...

To create a shader program that renders using the Blinn-Phong reflection model with multiple light sources, use the following steps:

In the vertex shader, we'll use a similar structure as in the previous recipes, except we will use an array of structures for the lights. In addition, we...