Book Image

Learning C# by Developing Games with Unity 2019. - Fourth Edition

By : Harrison Ferrone
Book Image

Learning C# by Developing Games with Unity 2019. - Fourth Edition

By: Harrison Ferrone

Overview of this book

Learning to program in today’s technical landscape can be a daunting task, especially when faced with the sheer number of languages you have to choose from. Luckily, Learning C# with Unity 2019 removes the guesswork and starts you off on the path to becoming a confident, and competent, programmer using game development with Unity. You’ll start off small by learning the building blocks of programming, from variables, methods, and conditional statements to classes and object-oriented systems. After you have the basics under your belt you’ll explore the Unity interface, creating C# scripts, and translating your newfound knowledge into simple game mechanics. Throughout this journey, you’ll get hands-on experience with programming best practices and macro-level topics such as manager classes and flexible application architecture. By the end of the book, you’ll be familiar with intermediate C# topics like generics, delegates, and events, setting you up to take on projects of your own.
Table of Contents (20 chapters)
Free Chapter
Section 1: Programming Foundations and C#
Section 2: Scripting Game Mechanics in Unity
Section 3: Leveling Up Your C# Code

Working with types

Assigning a specific type to a variable is an important choice, one that trickles down into every interaction the variable is involved in. C# is what's called a strongly-typed or type-safe language, meaning that every variable has to have a data type without exception. This also means that there are specific rules when it comes to performing operations, and regulations when converting a given variable into another type.

Common built-in types

All data types in C# trickle down (derive) from a common ancestor: System.Object. This hierarchy, called the Common Type System (CTS), means that different types have a lot of shared functionality. The following table lays out some of the most common data type options and the values they store:

In addition to specifying the kind of value a variable can store, types contain added information about themselves, including the following: