Book Image

Godot 4 Game Development Projects - Second Edition

By : Chris Bradfield
Book Image

Godot 4 Game Development Projects - Second Edition

By: Chris Bradfield

Overview of this book

The Godot 4 Game Development Projects book introduces the Godot game engine and its feature-rich 4.0 version. With an array of new capabilities, Godot 4.0 is a strong alternative to expensive commercial game engines. If you’re a beginner, this user-friendly book will help you learn game development techniques, while experienced developers will understand how to use this powerful and customizable tool to bring their creative visions to life. This updated edition consists of five projects with more emphasis on the 3D capabilities of the engine that will help you build on your foundation-level skills by showing you how to create small-scale game projects. Along the way, you’ll gain insights into Godot’s inner workings and discover important game development techniques that you can apply to your own projects. Using a straightforward, step-by-step approach and practical examples, this Godot book covers everything from the absolute basics to sophisticated game physics, animations, and much more. Upon completing the final project, you’ll have a strong foundation for future success with Godot 4.0 and be ready to develop a variety of games and game systems.
Table of Contents (10 chapters)

Part 2 – the coin scene

In this part, you’ll make coins for the player to collect. This will be a separate scene, describing all the properties and behavior of a single coin. Once saved, the main scene will load this one and create multiple instances (that is, copies) of it.

The node setup

Click Scene -> New Scene and add the following nodes. Don’t forget to set the children to not be selectable, as you did with the Player scene:

  • Area2D (named Coin):
    • AnimatedSprite2D
    • CollisionShape2D

Make sure to save the scene once you’ve added the nodes.

Set up AnimatedSprite2D as you did in the player scene. This time, you only have one animation – a shine/sparkle effect that makes the coin look dynamic and interesting. Add all the frames and set the animation speed to 12 FPS. The images are also a little too large, so set the Scale value of AnimatedSprite2D to (0.4, 0.4). In CollisionShape2D, use CircleShape2D and resize it to cover the coin image.

Using groups

Groups provide a tagging system for nodes, allowing you to identify similar nodes. A node can belong to any number of groups. In order for the player script to correctly detect a coin, you need to ensure that all coins will be in a group called coins. Select the Coin node, click the Node tab (the same tab where you found the signals), and choose Groups. Type coins in the box and click Add:

Figure 2.22: The Groups tab

Figure 2.22: The Groups tab

Coin script

Your next step is to add a script to the Coin node. Select the node and click the new script button, just like you did with the Player node. If you uncheck the Template option, you’ll get an empty script without any comments or suggestions. The code for the coin is much shorter than the code for the player:

extends Area2D
var screensize = Vector2.ZERO
func pickup():

Recall that the pickup() function is called by the player script. It defines what the coin will do when collected. queue_free() is Godot’s method for removing nodes. It safely removes the node from the tree and deletes it from memory, along with all its children. Later, you’ll add visual and audio effects here, but for now, just having the coin disappear is good enough.

Removing nodes

queue_free() doesn’t delete the object immediately, but rather adds it to a queue to be deleted at the end of the current frame. This is safer than immediately deleting the node because other code running in the game may still need the node to exist. By waiting until the end of the frame, Godot can be sure that all code that can access the node has completed and the node can be removed safely.

You’ve now completed the second of the two objects needed for this game. The coin object is ready to be placed randomly on the screen, and it can detect when it’s touched by the player, so it can be collected. The remaining piece of the puzzle is how to put it all together. In the next section, you’ll create a third scene to randomly create coins and allow the player to interact with them.