By modifying our hull shader constant function, we can easily modify the tessellation factor based on whether or not a decal is located within the vicinity of a patch. This is also known as displacement adaptive tessellation.
Within the completed sample available for download in Implementing displacement decals, there is an additional function in
Shaders\CommonDecal.hlsl that adds the provided tessellation factor to the appropriate edges and inside tessellation factors depending on whether the decal position and radius would impact the current patch.
void DecalTessellationFactor(float3 p, inout float3 edgeTessFactor, inout float insideTessFactor, float tessellation)