Book Image

Embedded Linux Development Using Yocto Project Cookbook - Second Edition

By : Alex Gonzalez
Book Image

Embedded Linux Development Using Yocto Project Cookbook - Second Edition

By: Alex Gonzalez

Overview of this book

The Yocto Project has become the de facto distribution build framework for reliable and robust embedded systems with a reduced time to market.You'll get started by working on a build system where you set up Yocto, create a build directory, and learn how to debug it. Then, you'll explore everything about the BSP layer, from creating a custom layer to debugging device tree issues. In addition to this, you’ll learn how to add a new software layer, packages, data, scripts, and configuration files to your system. You will then cover topics based on application development, such as using the Software Development Kit and how to use the Yocto project in various development environments. Toward the end, you will learn how to debug, trace, and profile a running system. This second edition has been updated to include new content based on the latest Yocto release.
Table of Contents (13 chapters)
Title Page
Packt Upsell

Sharing downloads

You will usually work on several projects simultaneously, probably for different hardware platforms or different target images. In such cases, it is important to optimize the build times by sharing downloads.

Getting ready

The build system runs a search for downloaded sources in a number of places:

Source download hierarchy

  • It tries the local downloads folder.
  • It looks into the configured pre-mirrors, which are usually local to your organization.
  • It then tries to fetch from the upstream source as configured in the package recipe.
  • Finally, it checks the configured mirrors. Mirrors are public alternate locations for the source.

If a package source is not found in any of these four sources, the package build will fail with an error. Build warnings are also issued when upstream fetching fails and mirrors are tried, so that the upstream problem can be looked at.

The Yocto Project, including BSP layers such as meta-freescale, maintains a set of mirrors to isolate the build system from problems with the upstream servers. However, when adding external layers, you could be adding support for packages that are not in the Yocto Project's mirror servers, or other configured mirrors, so it is recommended that you keep a local pre-mirror to avoid problems with source availability.

The default Poky setting for a new project is to store the downloaded package sources on the current build directory. This is the first place the build system will run a search for source downloads. This setting can be configured in your project's conf/local.conf file with the DL_DIR configuration variable.

How to do it...

To optimize the build time, it is recommended to keep a shared downloads directory between all your projects. The setup-environment script of the meta-freescale layer changes the default DL_DIR to the fsl-community-bsp directory created by the repo tool. With this setup, the downloads folder will already be shared between all the projects in your host system. It is configured as:

DL_DIR ?= "${BSPDIR}/downloads/"  

A more scalable setup (for instance, for teams that are remotely distributed) is to configure a pre-mirror. For example, add the following to your conf/local.conf file:

INHERIT += "own-mirrors"

A usual setup is to have a build server serve its downloads directory. The build server can be configured to prepare tarballs of the Git directories to avoid having to perform Git operations from upstream servers. This setting in your conf/local.conf file will affect the build performance, but this is usually acceptable in a build server. Add the following:


An advantage of this setup is that the build server's downloads folder can also be backed up to guarantee source availability for your products in the future. This is especially important in embedded products with long-term availability requirements.

In order to test this setup, you may check to see whether a build is possible just by using the pre-mirrors with the following:


This setting in your conf/local.conf file can also be distributed across the team with the TEMPLATECONF variable during the project's creation.