Book Image

Embedded Systems Architecture

By : Daniele Lacamera
Book Image

Embedded Systems Architecture

By: Daniele Lacamera

Overview of this book

Embedded systems are self-contained devices with a dedicated purpose. We come across a variety of fields of applications for embedded systems in industries such as automotive, telecommunications, healthcare and consumer electronics, just to name a few. Embedded Systems Architecture begins with a bird's eye view of embedded development and how it differs from the other systems that you may be familiar with. You will first be guided to set up an optimal development environment, then move on to software tools and methodologies to improve the work flow. You will explore the boot-up mechanisms and the memory management strategies typical of a real-time embedded system. Through the analysis of the programming interface of the reference microcontroller, you'll look at the implementation of the features and the device drivers. Next, you'll learn about the techniques used to reduce power consumption. Then you will be introduced to the technologies, protocols and security aspects related to integrating the system into IoT solutions. By the end of the book, you will have explored various aspects of embedded architecture, including task synchronization in a multi-threading environment, and the safety models adopted by modern real-time operating systems.
Table of Contents (18 chapters)
Title Page
Copyright and Credits
Packt Upsell

Chapter 10. Parallel Tasks and Scheduling

If the complexity of the system increases, and the software has to manage multiple peripherals and events at the same time, it is more convenient to rely on an operating system to coordinate and synchronize all the different operations. Separating the application logic into different threads offers a few important architectural advantages. Each component performs the designed operation within its own running unit, and it may release the CPU while it is suspended, waiting for input or a timeout event.

In this chapter, the mechanisms used to implement a multithreading embedded operating system are observed, through the development of a minimalistic operating system, tailored to the reference platform, and written step by step from scratch, providing a working scheduler to run multiple tasks in parallel.

The scheduler's internals are mostly implemented within system service calls, and its design impacts the system performance and other features, such...