Book Image

Internet of Things for Smart Buildings

By : Harry G. Smeenk
5 (1)
Book Image

Internet of Things for Smart Buildings

5 (1)
By: Harry G. Smeenk

Overview of this book

Imagine working in a building with smart features and tenant applications that allow you to monitor, manage, and control every aspect of your user experience. Internet of Things for Smart Buildings is a comprehensive guide that will help you achieve that with smart building architecture, ecosystems, technologies, and key components that create a smart building. In this book, you’ll start by examining all the building systems and applications that can be automated with IoT devices. You’ll learn about different apps to improve efficiency, reduce consumption, and improve occupant satisfaction. You’ll explore IoT sensors, devices, computing platforms, analytics software, user interfaces, and connectivity options, along with common challenges you might encounter while developing the architecture. You’ll also discover how to piece different components together to develop smart buildings with the help of use cases and examples and get to grips with the various IoT stacks. After finding out where to start developing the requirements for your project, you’ll uncover a recommended methodology to understand your current building systems and a process for determining what needs to be modified, along with new technology requirements. By the end of the book, you’ll be able to design and build your own smart building initiative, turning your city into a smart city with one building at a time.
Table of Contents (22 chapters)
1
Part 1: Applications for Smart Buildings
7
Part 2: Smart Building Architecture
11
Part 3: Building Your Smart Building Stack
15
Part 4: Building Sustainability for Contribution to Smart Cities

Space occupancy, utilization, and booking

Space utilization rates in 2018 were averaged 60% to 70% according to a benchmarking report by JLL. Post-pandemic rates fluctuate widely, with much lower estimates at 30% to 50% as of late summer 2022. Hybrid work policies coupled with constantly growing and shrinking tenant company requirements based on the economy are making space planning more challenging.

Traditional approaches to space utilization use rough information gathered from scheduling records, sign-in logs, and often manual observations and on-site assessments. These can be time-consuming, inflexible, not quantifiable, and outdated, missing key trends such as offices being shut down during the pandemic and making observation information outdated and no longer valid.

Space utilization is calculated as the total desks available divided by the total occupied desks, delivered in the form of a utilization rate. If there are 100 desks available and 60 desks are occupied, the utilization...