Book Image

IoT and Edge Computing for Architects - Second Edition

By : Perry Lea
Book Image

IoT and Edge Computing for Architects - Second Edition

By: Perry Lea

Overview of this book

Industries are embracing IoT technologies to improve operational expenses, product life, and people's well-being. An architectural guide is needed if you want to traverse the spectrum of technologies needed to build a successful IoT system, whether that's a single device or millions of IoT devices. IoT and Edge Computing for Architects, Second Edition encompasses the entire spectrum of IoT solutions, from IoT sensors to the cloud. It examines modern sensor systems, focusing on their power and functionality. It also looks at communication theory, paying close attention to near-range PAN, including the new Bluetooth® 5.0 specification and mesh networks. Then, the book explores IP-based communication in LAN and WAN, including 802.11ah, 5G LTE cellular, Sigfox, and LoRaWAN. It also explains edge computing, routing and gateways, and their role in fog computing, as well as the messaging protocols of MQTT 5.0 and CoAP. With the data now in internet form, you'll get an understanding of cloud and fog architectures, including the OpenFog standards. The book wraps up the analytics portion with the application of statistical analysis, complex event processing, and deep learning models. The book then concludes by providing a holistic view of IoT security, cryptography, and shell security in addition to software-defined perimeters and blockchains.
Table of Contents (17 chapters)
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The radio spectrum

Wireless communication is based on radio waves and bands of frequencies within the overall radio spectrum. We will cover long-range communication in the next chapter for cellular and other long-range mediums. Here we focus on the 1000-meter range or less. We will look at the spectrum allocation process as well as the typical frequency uses for WAN devices.

Governing structure

The spectrum ranges from 3 Hz to 3 THz, and allocation within the spectrum is governed by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). A band is considered a portion of the spectrum that can be allocated, licensed, sold, or freely used depending on the frequency. From an ITU perspective, the bands are categorized as follows:

Figure 10: Frequency and band identification matrix for IEEE, EU, and ITU

Within the United States, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) control...