Book Image

Linux Essentials - Second Edition

By : Christine Bresnahan, Richard Blum
Book Image

Linux Essentials - Second Edition

By: Christine Bresnahan, Richard Blum

Overview of this book

Linux Essentials, Second Edition provides a solid foundation of knowledge for anyone considering a career in information technology, for anyone new to the Linux operating system, and for anyone who is preparing to sit for the Linux Essentials Exam. Through this engaging resource, you can access key information in a learning-by-doing style. Hands-on tutorials and end-of-chapter exercises and review questions lead you in both learning and applying new information—information that will help you achieve your goals! With the experience provided in this compelling reference, you can sit down for the Linux Essentials Exam with confidence. An open-source operating system, Linux is a UNIX-based platform that is freely updated by developers. The nature of its development means that Linux is a low-cost and secure alternative to other operating systems, and is used in many different IT environments. Passing the Linux Essentials Exam prepares you to apply your knowledge regarding this operating system within the workforce.
Table of Contents (19 chapters)

Understanding the Process Hierarchy

The Linux kernel is the core of a Linux installation. The kernel manages memory, provides software with a way to access the hard disk, doles out CPU time, and performs other critical low-level tasks. The kernel is loaded early in the boot process, and it’s the kernel that’s responsible for managing every other piece of software on a running Linux computer.

One of the many ways that the kernel imposes order on the potentially chaotic set of running software is to create a sort of hierarchy. When it boots, the kernel runs just one program—normally /sbin/init. The init process is then responsible for starting all the other basic programs that Linux must run, such as the programs that manage logins and always-up servers. Such programs, if launched directly by init, are called its children. The children of init can in turn launch their own children. This happens when you log into Linux. The process that launched a given process is called...