Book Image

Linux Essentials - Second Edition

By : Christine Bresnahan, Richard Blum
Book Image

Linux Essentials - Second Edition

By: Christine Bresnahan, Richard Blum

Overview of this book

Linux Essentials, Second Edition provides a solid foundation of knowledge for anyone considering a career in information technology, for anyone new to the Linux operating system, and for anyone who is preparing to sit for the Linux Essentials Exam. Through this engaging resource, you can access key information in a learning-by-doing style. Hands-on tutorials and end-of-chapter exercises and review questions lead you in both learning and applying new information—information that will help you achieve your goals! With the experience provided in this compelling reference, you can sit down for the Linux Essentials Exam with confidence. An open-source operating system, Linux is a UNIX-based platform that is freely updated by developers. The nature of its development means that Linux is a low-cost and secure alternative to other operating systems, and is used in many different IT environments. Passing the Linux Essentials Exam prepares you to apply your knowledge regarding this operating system within the workforce.
Table of Contents (19 chapters)

Looking at the Free Software Foundation


The Free Software Foundation (FSF) is a critical force in the open source world. Founded in 1985 by Richard Stallman, the FSF is the driving force behind the GNU’s Not Unix (GNU) project described in the previous chapter. The FSF has a certain philosophy, described next, which manifests itself in the GPL, which is FSF’s favored software license.

Understanding the FSF Philosophy

The FSF advocates what it calls free software, which it defines in terms of freedom to do things you want to do with the software, not the price of the software. A common phrase used to make this distinction clear is “free as in speech, not free as in beer.”

The FSF defines four specific software freedoms:

  • Freedom to use the software for any purpose
  • Freedom to examine...