Camel provides ready-to-use error handlers, depending of the mechanism that you have to implement. These error handlers will only react to the exceptions set in the exchange. By default, the error handlers won't react if an irrecoverable error has been set as the fault message. We will see, further in the chapter, that Camel provides an option to handle irrecoverable errors.
In order to react, the error handler lives on the route channels. Actually, an error handler is an interceptor (on the channel), that analyzes the exchange, and verifies that the exception attribute of the exchange is not null.
If the exception is not null, the error handler reacts. This means that the error handler will catch any uncaught exception thrown during the routing or processing of messages within Camel.