Book Image

DynamoDB Applied Design Patterns

By : Uchit Hamendra Vyas
Book Image

DynamoDB Applied Design Patterns

By: Uchit Hamendra Vyas

Overview of this book

Table of Contents (17 chapters)
DynamoDB Applied Design Patterns
About the Authors
About the Reviewers

DynamoDB data types

DynamoDB supports six data types, namely String, Number, Binary, StringSet, NumberSet, and BinarySet. To understand this better, we will get some help from the AWS management console. Once we have signed up with AWS, our management console will look for an icon to work with DynamoDB, as shown in the following screenshot:

Clicking on the DynamoDB icon for the first time will take us to a getting started page, which has guidelines on starting with DynamoDB. We should click on the Create Table button to create our first table. We are now going to create the Tbl_Book table, which we have seen enough times. We are also going to insert only one item into this table. The table and its item are as shown:

After clicking on Create Table, you will see the following page. Here you have to provide Table Name, Hash Attribute Name, and Range Attribute Name. After providing the necessary parameters, you can proceed further.

As we discussed, during the creation of the table we need to specify only the primary key attributes along with the table name. In this table, both the key elements are of type String.

If we need to create a simple hash (without range key) primary key, then we can select the Hash radio button instead of Hash and Range.

The next page will provide an option to create secondary indexes, which we need not bother about now. Once we proceed with all the command buttons in the browser, we will see the page in the following screenshot:

Initially, the status will be CREATING. Once it becomes ACTIVE, we can click on Explore Table (as shown in the previous screenshot) to insert (or scan) items into the table.

Once we have clicked on Explore Table, we should again click on the New Item button to insert an item. Clicking on this button will open the window in the following screenshot (we have already populated it to save paper):

The mandatory attributes, name and type, will be already populated and we cannot change them. But we can add the attribute values (which must be unique).

In addition to that, we can simple click on empty textboxes (under hash and range key attribute name) to add item-specific attribute name, type, and value.

Here the first four attributes are of the type String, so we can enter the corresponding values in the attribute value field.

While entering multivalued data for a Set data type (StringSet for the Language field), specify multiple strings or numbers by clicking on the plus sign to the right of the value textbox. Once all the attributes are entered, click on the Put Item button, which will put this item into the Tbl_Book table.

To view the inserted item, click on the Browse Items tab, select the Scan radio button, and click on the Go button. Now we will be able to see the table content as shown in the following screenshot:

The String attribute values are enclosed in double quotes, and the Set attribute values are enclosed by set brackets. The number attribute values won't be enclosed by any character.

There are a few rules while using the Set data type. These rules are as follows:

  • Set must have a nonzero number of elements (that is, empty sets are not permitted)

  • Set must not have duplicate values (that is, the Language set will not take English, English)

There is a special kind of data type, called Binary, which is capable of storing Base64 encoded values. It is also used to store images or pictures in the Base64 encoded format. We will see it in Chapter 6, Working with the DynamoDB API.