Book Image

Learning Geospatial Analysis with Python

By : Joel Lawhead
Book Image

Learning Geospatial Analysis with Python

By: Joel Lawhead

Overview of this book

Geospatial Analysis is used in almost every field you can think of from medicine, to defense, to farming. This book will guide you gently into this exciting and complex field. It walks you through the building blocks of geospatial analysis and how to apply them to influence decision making using the latest Python software. Learning Geospatial Analysis with Python, 2nd Edition uses the expressive and powerful Python 3 programming language to guide you through geographic information systems, remote sensing, topography, and more, while providing a framework for you to approach geospatial analysis effectively, but on your own terms. We start by giving you a little background on the field, and a survey of the techniques and technology used. We then split the field into its component specialty areas: GIS, remote sensing, elevation data, advanced modeling, and real-time data. This book will teach you everything you need to know about, Geospatial Analysis from using a particular software package or API to using generic algorithms that can be applied. This book focuses on pure Python whenever possible to minimize compiling platform-dependent binaries, so that you don’t become bogged down in just getting ready to do analysis. This book will round out your technical library through handy recipes that will give you a good understanding of a field that supplements many a modern day human endeavors.
Table of Contents (17 chapters)
Learning Geospatial Analysis with Python Second Edition
About the Author
About the Reviewers

An overview of common data formats

As a geospatial analyst, you may frequently encounter the following general data types:

  • Spreadsheets and comma-separated files (CSV files) or tab-separated files (TSV files)

  • Geotagged photos

  • Lightweight binary points, lines, and polygons

  • Multi-gigabyte satellite or aerial images

  • Elevation data such as grids, point clouds, or integer-based images

  • XML files

  • JSON files

  • Databases (both servers and file databases)

  • Web services

Each format contains its own challenges for access and processing. When you perform analysis on data, usually you have to do some form of preprocessing first. You might clip or subset a satellite image of a large area down to just your area of interest, or you might reduce the number of points in a collection to just the ones meeting certain criteria in your data model. A good example of this type of preprocessing is the SimpleGIS example at the end of Chapter 1, Learning Geospatial Analysis with Python. The state dataset included just the state...