Book Image

QGIS Python Programming Cookbook

Book Image

QGIS Python Programming Cookbook

Overview of this book

Table of Contents (16 chapters)
QGIS Python Programming Cookbook
About the Author
About the Reviewers

Using the QGIS Python console for interactive control

The QGIS Python console allows you to interactively control QGIS. You can test out ideas or just do some quick automation. The console is the simplest way to use the QGIS Python API.

How to do it…

In the following steps, we'll open the QGIS Python console, create a vector layer in memory, and display it on the map:

  1. Start QGIS.

  2. From the Plugins menu, select Python Console.

  3. The following code will create a point on the map canvas:

    layer =  QgsVectorLayer('Point?crs=epsg:4326', 'MyPoint' , 'memory')
    pr = layer.dataProvider()
    pt = QgsFeature()
    point1 = QgsPoint(20,20)

How it works…

This example uses a memory layer to avoid interacting with any data on disk or a network to keep things simple. Notice that when we declare the layer type, we add the parameter for the Coordinate Reference System (CRS) as EPSG:4326. Without this declaration, QGIS will prompt you to choose one. There are three parts or levels of abstraction to create even a single point on the map canvas, as shown here:

  • First, create a layer that is of the type geometry. Next, set up a data provider to accept the data source.

  • Then, create a generic feature object, followed by the point geometry.

  • Next, stack the objects together and add them to the map.

The layer type is memory, meaning that you can define the geometry and the attributes inline in the code rather than in an external data source. In this recipe, we just define the geometry and skip the defining of any attributes.