Book Image

Mastering Concurrency Programming with Java 8

By : Javier Fernández González
Book Image

Mastering Concurrency Programming with Java 8

By: Javier Fernández González

Overview of this book

Concurrency programming allows several large tasks to be divided into smaller sub-tasks, which are further processed as individual tasks that run in parallel. All the sub-tasks are combined together once the required results are achieved; they are then merged to get the final output. The whole process is very complex. This process goes from the design of concurrent algorithms to the testing phase where concurrent applications need extra attention. Java includes a comprehensive API with a lot of ready-to-use components to implement powerful concurrency applications in an easy way, but with a high flexibility to adapt these components to your needs. The book starts with a full description of design principles of concurrent applications and how to parallelize a sequential algorithm. We'll show you how to use all the components of the Java Concurrency API from basics to the most advanced techniques to implement them in powerful concurrency applications in Java. You will be using real-world examples of complex algorithms related to machine learning, data mining, natural language processing, image processing in client / server environments. Next, you will learn how to use the most important components of the Java 8 Concurrency API: the Executor framework to execute multiple tasks in your applications, the phaser class to implement concurrent tasks divided into phases, and the Fork/Join framework to implement concurrent tasks that can be split into smaller problems (using the divide and conquer technique). Toward the end, we will cover the new inclusions in Java 8 API, the Map and Reduce model, and the Map and Collect model. The book will also teach you about the data structures and synchronization utilities to avoid data-race conditions and other critical problems. Finally, the book ends with a detailed description of the tools and techniques that you can use to test a Java concurrent application.
Table of Contents (18 chapters)
Mastering Concurrency Programming with Java 8
About the Author
About the Reviewers

Chapter 1. The First Step – Concurrency Design Principles

Users of computer systems are always looking for better performance for their systems. They want to get higher quality videos, better video games, and faster network speed. Some years ago, processors gave better performance to users by increasing their speed. But now, processors don't increase their speed. Instead of this, they add more cores so that the operating system can execute more than one task at a time. This is named concurrency. Concurrent programming includes all the tools and techniques to have multiple tasks or processes running at the same time in a computer, communicating and synchronizing between them without data loss or inconsistency. In this chapter, we will cover the following topics:

  • Basic concurrency concepts

  • Possible problems in concurrent applications

  • A methodology to design concurrent algorithms

  • The Java concurrency API

  • The Java memory model

  • Concurrency design patterns

  • Tips and tricks to design concurrency algorithms