Book Image

Learning Concurrent Programming in Scala - Second Edition

By : Aleksandar Prokopec
Book Image

Learning Concurrent Programming in Scala - Second Edition

By: Aleksandar Prokopec

Overview of this book

Scala is a modern, multiparadigm programming language designed to express common programming patterns in a concise, elegant, and type-safe way. Scala smoothly integrates the features of object-oriented and functional languages. In this second edition, you will find updated coverage of the Scala 2.12 platform. The Scala 2.12 series targets Java 8 and requires it for execution. The book starts by introducing you to the foundations of concurrent programming on the JVM, outlining the basics of the Java Memory Model, and then shows some of the classic building blocks of concurrency, such as the atomic variables, thread pools, and concurrent data structures, along with the caveats of traditional concurrency. The book then walks you through different high-level concurrency abstractions, each tailored toward a specific class of programming tasks, while touching on the latest advancements of async programming capabilities of Scala. It also covers some useful patterns and idioms to use with the techniques described. Finally, the book presents an overview of when to use which concurrency library and demonstrates how they all work together, and then presents new exciting approaches to building concurrent and distributed systems. Who this book is written for If you are a Scala programmer with no prior knowledge of concurrent programming, or seeking to broaden your existing knowledge about concurrency, this book is for you. Basic knowledge of the Scala programming language will be helpful.
Table of Contents (19 chapters)
Learning Concurrent Programming in Scala - Second Edition
About the Author
About the Reviewers
Customer Feedback

Volatile variables

The JVM offers a more lightweight form of synchronization than the synchronized block, called volatile variables. Volatile variables can be atomically read and modified, and are mostly used as status flags; for example, to signal that a computation is completed or canceled. They have two advantages. First, writes to and reads from volatile variables cannot be reordered in a single thread. Second, writing to a volatile variable is immediately visible to all the other threads.


Reads and writes to variables marked as volatile are never reordered. If a write W to a volatile v variable is observed on another thread through a read R of the same variable, then all the writes that preceded the write W are guaranteed to be observed after the read R.

In the following example, we search for at least one ! character in several pages of the text. Separate threads start scanning separate pages p of the text written by a person that is particularly fond of a popular fictional hero...