Book Image

Python GUI Programming Cookbook, Second Edition - Second Edition

By : Burkhard Meier
Book Image

Python GUI Programming Cookbook, Second Edition - Second Edition

By: Burkhard Meier

Overview of this book

Python is a multi-domain, interpreted programming language. It is a widely used general-purpose, high-level programming language. It is often used as a scripting language because of its forgiving syntax and compatibility with a wide variety of different eco-systems. Python GUI Programming Cookbook follows a task-based approach to help you create beautiful and very effective GUIs with the least amount of code necessary. This book will guide you through the very basics of creating a fully functional GUI in Python with only a few lines of code. Each and every recipe adds more widgets to the GUIs we are creating. While the cookbook recipes all stand on their own, there is a common theme running through all of them. As our GUIs keep expanding, using more and more widgets, we start to talk to networks, databases, and graphical libraries that greatly enhance our GUI’s functionality. This book is what you need to expand your knowledge on the subject of GUIs, and make sure you’re not missing out in the long run.
Table of Contents (18 chapters)
Title Page
About the Author
About the Reviewer
Customer Feedback

Using scrolled text widgets

ScrolledText widgets are much larger than simple Entry widgets and span multiple lines. They are widgets like Notepad and wrap lines, automatically enabling vertical scrollbars when the text gets larger than the height of the ScrolledText widget.

Getting ready

This recipe extends the previous recipe, Using radio button widgets. You can download the code for each chapter of this book from

How to do it…

By adding the following lines of code, we create a ScrolledText widget:

We can actually type into our widget, and if we type enough words, the lines will automatically wrap around:

Once we type in more words than the height the widget can display, the vertical scrollbar becomes enabled. This all works out-of-the-box without us needing to write any more code to achieve this:

How it works…

In line 11, we import the module that contains the ScrolledText widget class. Add this to the top of the module, just below the other two import statements.

Lines 100 and 101 define the width and height of the ScrolledText widget we are about to create. These are hardcoded values we are passing into the ScrolledText widget constructor in line 102.

These values are magic numbers found by experimentation to work well. You might experiment by changing scol_w from 30 to 50 and observe the effect!

In line 102, we are also  setting a property on the widget by passing in wrap=tk.WORD.

By setting the wrap property to tk.WORD we are telling the ScrolledText widget to break lines by words so that we do not wrap around within a word. The default option is tk.CHAR, which wraps any character regardless of whether we are in the middle of a word.

The second screenshot shows that the vertical scrollbar moved down because we are reading a longer text that does not entirely fit into the x, y dimensions of the SrolledText control we created.

Setting the columnspan property of the grid widget to 3 for the SrolledText widget makes this widget span all the three columns. If we do not set this property, our SrolledText widget would only reside in column one, which is not what we want.