Book Image

Python GUI Programming Cookbook, Second Edition - Second Edition

By : Burkhard Meier
Book Image

Python GUI Programming Cookbook, Second Edition - Second Edition

By: Burkhard Meier

Overview of this book

Python is a multi-domain, interpreted programming language. It is a widely used general-purpose, high-level programming language. It is often used as a scripting language because of its forgiving syntax and compatibility with a wide variety of different eco-systems. Python GUI Programming Cookbook follows a task-based approach to help you create beautiful and very effective GUIs with the least amount of code necessary. This book will guide you through the very basics of creating a fully functional GUI in Python with only a few lines of code. Each and every recipe adds more widgets to the GUIs we are creating. While the cookbook recipes all stand on their own, there is a common theme running through all of them. As our GUIs keep expanding, using more and more widgets, we start to talk to networks, databases, and graphical libraries that greatly enhance our GUI’s functionality. This book is what you need to expand your knowledge on the subject of GUIs, and make sure you’re not missing out in the long run.
Table of Contents (18 chapters)
Title Page
About the Author
About the Reviewer
Customer Feedback

Using module-level global variables

Encapsulation is a major strength in any programming language, enabling us to program using OOP. Python is both OOP as well as procedural. We can create global variables that are localized to the module they reside in. They are global only to this module, which is one form of encapsulation. Why do we want this? Because as we add more and more functionality to our GUI, we want to avoid naming conflicts that could result in bugs in our code.


We do not want naming clashes creating bugs in our code! Namespaces are one way to avoid these bugs, and in Python, we can do this by using Python modules (which are unofficial namespaces).

Getting ready

We can declare module-level globals in any module just above and outside functions.

We then have to use the global Python keyword to refer to them. If we forget to use global in functions, we will accidentally create new local variables. This would be a bug and something we really do not want to do.


Python is a dynamic...