Book Image

Java 9 Regular Expressions

By : Anubhava Srivastava
Book Image

Java 9 Regular Expressions

By: Anubhava Srivastava

Overview of this book

Regular expressions are a powerful tool in the programmer's toolbox and allow pattern matching. They are also used for manipulating text and data. This book will provide you with the know-how (and practical examples) to solve real-world problems using regex in Java. You will begin by discovering what regular expressions are and how they work with Java. This easy-to-follow guide is a great place from which to familiarize yourself with the core concepts of regular expressions and to master its implementation with the features of Java 9. You will learn how to match, extract, and transform text by matching specific words, characters, and patterns. You will learn when and where to apply the methods for finding patterns in digits, letters, Unicode characters, and string literals. Going forward, you will learn to use zero-length assertions and lookarounds, parsing the source code, and processing the log files. Finally, you will master tips, tricks, and best practices in regex with Java.
Table of Contents (15 chapters)
Title page
About the Author
About the Reviewer
Customer Feedback
Free Chapter
Getting Started with Regular Expressions

The subtraction of character classes

Suppose we have to match characters that belong to one class but not to another in a composite character class pattern. There is no separate operator for the subtraction operation. Subtraction is performed by using the intersection operator, &&, and a negated inner character class.


A regular expression is usually more readable if we write the larger set in front and the one we want to subtract from it after the && operator.

For example, consider the following composite character class:


It will match the digits, 0 to 9, except the digits, 3 to 6. This character class can also be written as a union of two character classes:


We can also just use a simple character class, as follows:


In order to match all the English consonant uppercase letters, we can subtract five vowels from uppercase letters, such as in the following regex:


We can also reverse the order of the two sets...