Book Image

Architecting Modern Java EE Applications

By : Sebastian Daschner
Book Image

Architecting Modern Java EE Applications

By: Sebastian Daschner

Overview of this book

Java EE 8 brings with it a load of features, mainly targeting newer architectures such as microservices, modernized security APIs, and cloud deployments. This book will teach you to design and develop modern, business-oriented applications using Java EE 8. It shows how to structure systems and applications, and how design patterns and Domain Driven Design aspects are realized in the age of Java EE 8. You will learn about the concepts and principles behind Java EE applications, and how to effect communication, persistence, technical and cross-cutting concerns, and asynchronous behavior. This book covers Continuous Delivery, DevOps, infrastructure-as-code, containers, container orchestration technologies, such as Docker and Kubernetes, and why and especially how Java EE fits into this world. It also covers the requirements behind containerized, zero-dependency applications and how modern Java EE application servers support these approaches. You will also learn about automated, fast, and reliable software tests, in different test levels, scopes, and test technologies. This book covers the prerequisites and challenges of distributed systems that lead to microservice, shared-nothing architectures. The challenges and solutions of consistency versus scalability will further lead us to event sourcing, event-driven architectures, and the CQRS principle. This book also includes the nuts and bolts of application performance as well as how to realize resilience, logging, monitoring and tracing in a modern enterprise world. Last but not least the demands of securing enterprise systems are covered. By the end, you will understand the ins and outs of Java EE so that you can make critical design decisions that not only live up to, but also surpass your clients' expectations.
Table of Contents (22 chapters)
Title Page
About the Author
About the Reviewer
Customer Feedback
Appendix: Links and further resources

Chapter 4. Lightweight Java EE

Lightweight Java EE. Is that even possible? In the past, J2EE applications and especially application servers have been considered a heavyweight and cumbersome technology. And up to some degree deservedly so. APIs were quite unwieldy to use. There was a lot of XML configuration required, which eventually led to the use of XDoclet, a tool used to generate XML based on meta information put into JavaDoc comments. Application servers were also cumbersome to work with, especially with regard to startup and deployment times.

However, since the name change to Java EE and especially since version 6, these assumptions are not true anymore. Annotations were introduced, which originally emerged from the XDoclet-motivated JavaDoc tags. And a lot has happened to improve the productivity and developer experience.

This chapter will cover the following topics:

  • What makes a technology lightweight
  • Why Java EE standards help reducing work
  • How to choose project dependencies and archive...