Book Image

Architecting Modern Java EE Applications

By : Sebastian Daschner
Book Image

Architecting Modern Java EE Applications

By: Sebastian Daschner

Overview of this book

Java EE 8 brings with it a load of features, mainly targeting newer architectures such as microservices, modernized security APIs, and cloud deployments. This book will teach you to design and develop modern, business-oriented applications using Java EE 8. It shows how to structure systems and applications, and how design patterns and Domain Driven Design aspects are realized in the age of Java EE 8. You will learn about the concepts and principles behind Java EE applications, and how to effect communication, persistence, technical and cross-cutting concerns, and asynchronous behavior. This book covers Continuous Delivery, DevOps, infrastructure-as-code, containers, container orchestration technologies, such as Docker and Kubernetes, and why and especially how Java EE fits into this world. It also covers the requirements behind containerized, zero-dependency applications and how modern Java EE application servers support these approaches. You will also learn about automated, fast, and reliable software tests, in different test levels, scopes, and test technologies. This book covers the prerequisites and challenges of distributed systems that lead to microservice, shared-nothing architectures. The challenges and solutions of consistency versus scalability will further lead us to event sourcing, event-driven architectures, and the CQRS principle. This book also includes the nuts and bolts of application performance as well as how to realize resilience, logging, monitoring and tracing in a modern enterprise world. Last but not least the demands of securing enterprise systems are covered. By the end, you will understand the ins and outs of Java EE so that you can make critical design decisions that not only live up to, but also surpass your clients' expectations.
Table of Contents (22 chapters)
Title Page
About the Author
About the Reviewer
Customer Feedback
Appendix: Links and further resources

Realizing container orchestration

We've now seen which challenges container orchestration framework tackle. This section will show you the core concepts of Kubernetes, a solution originally developed by Google to run their workloads. At the time of writing this book Kubernetes has a enormous momentum and is also the basis for other orchestration solutions such as OpenShift by RedHat. I chose this solution because of its popularity but also because I believe that it does the job of orchestration very well. However, the important point is less about comprehending the chosen technology rather than the motivations and concepts behind it.

Kubernetes runs and manages Linux containers in a cluster of nodes. The Kubernetes master node orchestrates the worker nodes which do the actual work, that is, to run the containers. The software engineers control the cluster using the API provided by the master node, via a web-based GUI or command-line tool.

The running cluster consists of so-called resources...