Book Image

Architecting Modern Java EE Applications

By : Sebastian Daschner
Book Image

Architecting Modern Java EE Applications

By: Sebastian Daschner

Overview of this book

Java EE 8 brings with it a load of features, mainly targeting newer architectures such as microservices, modernized security APIs, and cloud deployments. This book will teach you to design and develop modern, business-oriented applications using Java EE 8. It shows how to structure systems and applications, and how design patterns and Domain Driven Design aspects are realized in the age of Java EE 8. You will learn about the concepts and principles behind Java EE applications, and how to effect communication, persistence, technical and cross-cutting concerns, and asynchronous behavior. This book covers Continuous Delivery, DevOps, infrastructure-as-code, containers, container orchestration technologies, such as Docker and Kubernetes, and why and especially how Java EE fits into this world. It also covers the requirements behind containerized, zero-dependency applications and how modern Java EE application servers support these approaches. You will also learn about automated, fast, and reliable software tests, in different test levels, scopes, and test technologies. This book covers the prerequisites and challenges of distributed systems that lead to microservice, shared-nothing architectures. The challenges and solutions of consistency versus scalability will further lead us to event sourcing, event-driven architectures, and the CQRS principle. This book also includes the nuts and bolts of application performance as well as how to realize resilience, logging, monitoring and tracing in a modern enterprise world. Last but not least the demands of securing enterprise systems are covered. By the end, you will understand the ins and outs of Java EE so that you can make critical design decisions that not only live up to, but also surpass your clients' expectations.
Table of Contents (22 chapters)
Title Page
About the Author
About the Reviewer
Customer Feedback
Appendix: Links and further resources

Typical performance issues

Performance issues come with typical symptoms, such as response times, that are slow or become slower over time, timeouts, or even completely unavailable services. The error rates indicate the latter.

When performance issues arise, the question to be asked is what the actual constraining resource, the bottleneck, is. Where does the issue originate? As shown earlier, engineers are advised to follow an investigative process that considers the overall situation, including hardware and operating systems, in order to find the constraint. There should be no guessing and premature decisions.

Performance problems can have a huge number of root causes. Most of them originate in coding errors or misconfiguration rather than actual workload exceeding the available resources. Modern application servers can handle a lot of load until the performance becomes an issue.

However, experience shows that there are typical performance issue root causes. The following will show you the...