Book Image

CMake Cookbook

By : Radovan Bast, Roberto Di Remigio
Book Image

CMake Cookbook

By: Radovan Bast, Roberto Di Remigio

Overview of this book

CMake is cross-platform, open-source software for managing the build process in a portable fashion. This book features a collection of recipes and building blocks with tips and techniques for working with CMake, CTest, CPack, and CDash. CMake Cookbook includes real-world examples in the form of recipes that cover different ways to structure, configure, build, and test small- to large-scale code projects. You will learn to use CMake's command-line tools and master modern CMake practices for configuring, building, and testing binaries and libraries. With this book, you will be able to work with external libraries and structure your own projects in a modular and reusable way. You will be well-equipped to generate native build scripts for Linux, MacOS, and Windows, simplify and refactor projects using CMake, and port projects to CMake.
Table of Contents (18 chapters)

Detecting external libraries: I. Using pkg-config

The code for this recipe is available at and has a C example. The recipe is valid with CMake version 3.6 (and higher) and has been tested on GNU/Linux, macOS, and Windows (using MSYS Makefiles). In, we also provide an example compatible with CMake 3.5.

We have so far discussed two ways of detecting external dependencies:

  • Using find-modules shipped with CMake. This is generally reliable and well tested. However, not all packages have a find-module in the official release of CMake.
  • Using <package>Config.cmake, <package>ConfigVersion.cmake, and <package>Targets.cmake files provided by the package vendor and installed alongside the package itself in standard locations...