Book Image

Functional Kotlin

Book Image

Functional Kotlin

Overview of this book

Functional programming makes your application faster, improves performance, and increases your productivity. Kotlin supports many of the popular and advanced functional features of functional languages. This book will cover the A-Z of functional programming in Kotlin. This book bridges the language gap for Kotlin developers by showing you how to create and consume functional constructs in Kotlin. We also bridge the domain gap by showing how functional constructs can be applied in business scenarios. We’ll take you through lambdas, pattern matching, immutability, and help you develop a deep understanding of the concepts and practices of functional programming. If you want learn to address problems using Recursion, Koltin has support for it as well. You’ll also learn how to use the funKtionale library to perform currying and lazy programming and more. Finally, you’ll learn functional design patterns and techniques that will make you a better programmer.By the end of the book, you will be more confident in your functional programming skills and will be able to apply them while programming in Kotlin.
Table of Contents (22 chapters)
Title Page
Copyright and Credits
Packt Upsell

Inline functions

High-order functions are very useful and fancy, but they come with a caveat—performance penalties. Remember, from Chapter 2, Getting Started with Functional Programming, in the section, First-class and high-order functions, that on compilation time, a lambda gets translated into an object that is allocated, and we are calling its invoke operator; those operations consume CPU power and memory, regardless of how small they are.

A function like this:

fun <T> time(body: () -> T): Pair<T, Long> {
   val startTime = System.nanoTime()
   val v = body()
   val endTime = System.nanoTime()
   return v to endTime - startTime

fun main(args: Array<String>) {
   val (_,time) = time { Thread.sleep(1000) }
   println("time = $time")

Once compiled, it will look like this:

val (_, time) = time(object : Function0<Unit> {
   override fun invoke() {

If performance is a priority for you (mission critical application, games, video streaming...