Book Image

Rust Standard Library Cookbook

By : Jan Hohenheim, Daniel Durante
Book Image

Rust Standard Library Cookbook

By: Jan Hohenheim, Daniel Durante

Overview of this book

Mozilla’s Rust is gaining much attention with amazing features and a powerful library. This book will take you through varied recipes to teach you how to leverage the Standard library to implement efficient solutions. The book begins with a brief look at the basic modules of the Standard library and collections. From here, the recipes will cover packages that support file/directory handling and interaction through parsing. You will learn about packages related to advanced data structures, error handling, and networking. You will also learn to work with futures and experimental nightly features. The book also covers the most relevant external crates in Rust. By the end of the book, you will be proficient at using the Rust Standard library.
Table of Contents (12 chapters)

There's more...

You can combine positional parameters with normal ones, but it's probably not a good idea, as it can quite easily become confusing to look at. The behavior, in this case, is as follows—imagine that format! internally uses a counter to determine which argument is the next to be placed. This counter is increased whenever format! encounters a {} without a position in it. This rule results in the following:

format!("{1} {} {0} {}", "a", "b") // Returns "b a a b"

There are also a ton of extra formatting options if you want to display your data in different formats. {:?} prints the implementation of the Debug trait for the respective argument, often resulting in a more verbose output. {:.*} lets you specify the decimal precision of floating point numbers via the argument, like so:

format!("{:.*}", 2, 1.234567) // Returns "1.23"

For a complete list, visit

All of the information in this recipe applies to println! and print! as well, as it is essentially the same macro. The only difference is that println! doesn't return its processed string but instead, well, prints it!