Book Image

Functional Python Programming. - Second Edition

Book Image

Functional Python Programming. - Second Edition

Overview of this book

If you’re a Python developer who wants to discover how to take the power of functional programming (FP) and bring it into your own programs, then this book is essential for you, even if you know next to nothing about the paradigm. Starting with a general overview of functional concepts, you’ll explore common functional features such as first-class and higher-order functions, pure functions, and more. You’ll see how these are accomplished in Python 3.6 to give you the core foundations you’ll build upon. After that, you’ll discover common functional optimizations for Python to help your apps reach even higher speeds. You’ll learn FP concepts such as lazy evaluation using Python’s generator functions and expressions. Moving forward, you’ll learn to design and implement decorators to create composite functions. You'll also explore data preparation techniques and data exploration in depth, and see how the Python standard library fits the functional programming model. Finally, to top off your journey into the world of functional Python, you’ll at look at the PyMonad project and some larger examples to put everything into perspective.
Table of Contents (22 chapters)
Title Page
Packt Upsell
Contributors
Preface
Index

Specializing memoization


The essential idea of memoization is so simple that it can be captured by the @lru_cache decorator. This decorator can be applied to any function to implement memoization. In some cases, we may be able to improve on the generic idea with something more specialized. There are a large number of potentially optimizable multivalued functions. We'll pick one here and look at another in a more complex case study.

The binomial,

, shows the number of ways n different things can be arranged in groups of size m. The value is as follows:

Clearly, we should cache the individual factorial calculations rather than redo all those multiplications. However, we may also benefit from caching the overall binomial calculation, too.

We'll create a Callable object that contains multiple internal caches. Here's a helper function that we'll need:

from functools import reduce
from operator import mul
from typing import Callable, Iterable

prod: Callable[[Iterable[int]], int] = lambda x: reduce...