Book Image

Functional Python Programming. - Second Edition

Book Image

Functional Python Programming. - Second Edition

Overview of this book

If you’re a Python developer who wants to discover how to take the power of functional programming (FP) and bring it into your own programs, then this book is essential for you, even if you know next to nothing about the paradigm. Starting with a general overview of functional concepts, you’ll explore common functional features such as first-class and higher-order functions, pure functions, and more. You’ll see how these are accomplished in Python 3.6 to give you the core foundations you’ll build upon. After that, you’ll discover common functional optimizations for Python to help your apps reach even higher speeds. You’ll learn FP concepts such as lazy evaluation using Python’s generator functions and expressions. Moving forward, you’ll learn to design and implement decorators to create composite functions. You'll also explore data preparation techniques and data exploration in depth, and see how the Python standard library fits the functional programming model. Finally, to top off your journey into the world of functional Python, you’ll at look at the PyMonad project and some larger examples to put everything into perspective.
Table of Contents (22 chapters)
Title Page
Packt Upsell
Contributors
Preface
Index

Strict and non-strict evaluation


Functional programming's efficiency stems, in part, from being able to defer a computation until it's required. The idea of lazy or non-strict evaluation is very helpful. To an extent, Python offers this feature.

In Python, the logical expression operators and, or, and if-then-else are all non-strict. We sometimes call them short-circuit operators because they don't need to evaluate all arguments to determine the resulting value.

The following command snippet shows the and operator's non-strict feature:

>>> 0 and print("right")
0
>>> True and print("right")
right

When we execute the first of the preceding command snippet, the left-hand side of the and operator is equivalent to False; the right-hand side is not evaluated. In the second example, when the left-hand side is equivalent to True, the right-hand side is evaluated.

Other parts of Python are strict. Outside the logical operators, an expression is evaluated eagerly from left to right. A...